7º – Crime and Punishment (Aki Kaurismäki, 1983)Based on a novel by Fyodor Dostoevsky, the film tells the story of an ordinary worker who decides, without apparent motivation, to murder a rich man. The film gains its substance by exploring the events after such an act, showing the existential dilemmas of man, his relationship with a witness who witnessed the murder and the figure of life in its most visceral roots. A more serious work of the fantastic filmography of Finnish filmmaker Aki Kaurismaki, ‘Crime and Punishment’ makes explicit the unpredictable character of the human being, pondering about time, the weight of the past, the absence of the present and the aversion to the future.
6º – Death of a Salesman (Volker Schlöndorff, 1985)A man, already on his way to the third age, faces existential dilemmas when one of his adult children returns home. His professional and private life will suffer with his emotional and physical decline, always having as a starting point for everything the cruel figure of his acts in the past: ‘Death of a Salesman’ is a little revered pearl of the 1980s. His acidic plot about the sad meanders of a family ponders the moral constructions inherent in a society, offering a critique of a conservative and traditional view of life. The film also gives us an unforgettable performance by actor Dustin Hoffman and one of the greatest in John Malkovich’s career.
5º – Manchester by the Sea (Kenneth Lonergan, 2016)After the death of his brother, a man, involved in a self-destructive and depressive routine, is entrusted with the mission of taking care of his adolescent nephew. However, little by little, with various fragments of the past of all the characters, we will see why the man finds himself in his current state. ‘Manchester by the Sea’ is a beautiful film, but one that does not offer positive points to its spectator about the lives studied in the plot.
4º – Caché (Michael Haneke, 2005)After being threatened by a series of anonymous video tapes left on their doorstep, showing an espionage of their daily lives, a couple see their social and private lives enter into an inexorable degenerative process. Its director, Michael Haneke, uses a lot of elements from the characters’ past, showing how some structures of our lives simply cannot be forgotten.
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